20 Hummingbird Facts for Kids to Flutter Your Mind With

Hummingbird Facts for Kids

Welcome to the wonderful world of hummingbirds! These tiny feathered friends are full of surprises and secrets. From their lightning-fast wing beats to their incredible flying abilities, hummingbirds are truly amazing creatures. In this blog post, we’re going to share a bunch of fascinating facts about hummingbirds that will have you humming with excitement.

So, get ready to soar with knowledge and discover the incredible world of hummingbirds!


Contents show

1. Hummingbirds are the smallest birds in the world.

Hummingbird guide: species facts and where to see | BBC Wildlife | Discover  Wildlife

Hummingbirds are really tiny birds! In fact, they are the smallest birds in the whole world! They are so small that they can fit in the palm of your hand. Some hummingbirds are even smaller than a thumb!

Imagine how small they are compared to other birds like eagles or pigeons. They are like tiny little fairies that fly around and drink nectar from flowers. Isn’t that cool?


2. Hummingbirds are the only birds that can fly both upside down and backward.

Hummingbirds are very special birds because they can do things that other birds can’t do. Hummingbirds are known for their agility and acrobatic flying abilities, and they are indeed capable of flying in many different directions, including both upside down and backward.

This is due to their unique wing structure and specialized muscles that allow them to rotate their wings 180 degrees and fly in different directions. They are also able to hover in one spot, which is useful for feeding on nectar from flowers. This incredible flying ability is one of the many things that make hummingbirds so special and fascinating to observe.


3. There are more than 340 species of hummingbirds.

There are more than 340 different species of hummingbirds that have been identified and recognized by scientists. These species are found throughout the Americas, from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, and can be found in a variety of different habitats such as tropical rainforests, deserts, and high-altitude mountains.

They are known for their small size, iridescent feathers, fast wing beats, and their ability to hover while they feed. Each species has its own unique characteristics, such as size, color, and preferred habitat, and they are a very diverse group of birds.


4. Hummingbirds have very fast wing beats, up to 80 beats per second.

Hummingbirds are known for their fast wing beats, which can be as fast as 80 beats per second. That’s how fast their wings are moving!

They are able to achieve this high wing-beat frequency by using a specialized muscle in their chest called the “pectoralis muscle” which allows them to move their wings at a high frequency. Their wings are so fast that they make a humming sound, which is how they got their name.

This high wing-beat frequency allows them to hover in one spot while they feed on nectar, as well as to fly in different directions, including backward and upside down.


5. Hummingbirds feed on nectar from flowers and also small insects and spiders for protein.

Bird Pollination

Hummingbirds primarily feed on nectar from flowers, which provides them with the energy they need to fly and maintain their high metabolism. They have a long, thin bill and a long tongue that help them reach into the depths of flowers to extract nectar.

However, they also need protein to survive and grow, so in addition to nectar, they also eat small insects and spiders, which provide them with essential amino acids. They are known to catch and eat small insects, such as gnats, mosquitoes, and fruit flies, while they are feeding on nectar. Some species also feed on tree sap or pollen as well.


6. Hummingbirds have long tongues that help them drink nectar from flowers.

ScienceTake | The Hummingbird's Tongue - The New York Times

Hummingbirds have long tongues that help them drink nectar from flowers. Their tongues are grooved, and they are able to extend them to reach deep into flowers to extract nectar. The tips of their tongues are frayed, which allows them to collect more nectar with each lick.

The length of the tongue can vary depending on the species of hummingbird, but they are generally proportionally longer than the bill. You can imagine their tongues as long, thin spaghetti noodle that they use to slurp up the sweet nectar. They are so good at using their tongues that they can drink nectar from more than 2,000 flowers a day!


7. Hummingbirds are known for their fast metabolism and need to eat frequently.

Hummingbirds are known for their fast metabolism, which requires them to eat frequently in order to maintain their energy levels. They have a high rate of metabolism which means they need to eat more food in proportion to their size than other birds. They have to eat half their weight in food every day and they are constantly on the move to find flowers with nectar.

They eat mostly nectar from flowers, which is a sweet liquid that gives them energy. But they also eat small insects and spiders to get extra protein. Because of their fast metabolism, they need to eat almost every 10 to 15 minutes.


8. The smallest hummingbird is called Bee Hummingbird and it is the same size as a honeybee.

Bee Hummingbird

The smallest hummingbird is called the Bee Hummingbird, and it is so small that it is about the same size as a honeybee! Can you imagine how small that is? It’s found in Cuba and Isla de la Juventud, and it is the smallest bird in the world by weight and length.

Despite its small size, it has a high metabolism, and it needs to feed frequently. They are known for their bright colors and iridescent feathers, which are a beautiful sight to behold.


9. Hummingbirds have the ability to hover in one spot while they feed.

Hummingbirds have the ability to hover in one spot while they feed, which is known as “hovering flight” and is one of the most impressive and unique characteristics of hummingbirds.

They are able to achieve this by flapping their wings in a figure-eight pattern, which allows them to generate lift on both the upstroke and downstroke of the wing beat. This allows them to hover in one spot, making it easy to feed on nectar from flowers.

They are also able to fly forwards, backward, and even upside down, which is also thanks to their unique wing structure and specialized muscles. This ability to hover and fly in different directions makes hummingbirds one of the most agile and acrobatic birds in the world.


10. Hummingbirds are important pollinators for many plants.

They are called pollinators, which means they help plants make babies. When a hummingbird drinks nectar from a flower, some of the flower’s pollen sticks to its beak or feet. When the hummingbird flies to another flower, it rubs some of the pollen off onto the new flower. This helps the new flower to make seeds, which can grow into new plants.

Many plants have evolved to be specifically adapted to hummingbird pollination, with bright colors and deep corolla tubes to attract them. Hummingbirds are also known for their ability to fly long distances, which allows them to pollinate a wide range of plants over a large area. They are especially important for plants that are not well-adapted to other types of pollination, such as wind or insects.

So, hummingbirds help plants to reproduce and make more flowers and plants, that’s why they are so important for the environment.


11. Hummingbirds are very territorial and will fiercely defend their food sources.

Hummingbirds can be very protective of their food sources. They are very territorial, which means they like to keep certain areas just for themselves. They will fiercely defend their food sources, like flower gardens or hummingbird feeders, from other hummingbirds.

Imagine if you have a favorite toy or a yummy snack that you don’t want to share with anyone else, that’s how hummingbirds feel about their food. They will chase away other hummingbirds that come too close, and even fight with them to protect their food.

They are very brave and determined to protect what’s theirs. It’s like how a lion guards its territory, hummingbirds guard their food sources. It’s important for them to do this because they need to eat a lot of food to keep going, and they need to make sure they have enough to survive.


12. Hummingbirds are able to see ultraviolet light, which helps them find flowers.

Hummingbirds have special eyes that can see ultraviolet light, which helps them find flowers from far away distance. Ultraviolet light is a type of light that we can’t see, it’s like a secret light. Flowers have special patterns on them that are invisible to us, but hummingbirds can see that in ultraviolet light.

These patterns are like a map that guides the hummingbirds to the nectar. It’s like having a secret treasure map that only certain people can read. These patterns help hummingbirds to find the flowers that have the most nectar, even when they are hidden among leaves.

So, hummingbirds use this special ability to locate the flowers that have the most nectar and energy for them. Without this ability, they would have a harder time finding food, which would make it more difficult for them to survive.


13. Hummingbirds are solitary creatures and only come together to mate.

Hummingbirds are generally considered solitary creatures. They are not known to form flocks, and they typically prefer to spend most of their time alone. They are very independent and like to have their own space.

They are territorial and are known to defend their food sources and nesting sites from other hummingbirds. However, during the breeding season, hummingbirds may come together to mate. They will chase away other males and will defend their territory from other male hummingbirds.


14. In cold weather, they are able to go into a state of torpor, where they lower their metabolism to conserve energy.

Hummingbirds have a special way of dealing with cold weather. They can go into a state called torpor, which is like a deep sleep that helps them save energy. It is a state where the body slows down its metabolism, heart rate, and temperature in order to conserve energy.

During this state, a hummingbird’s body temperature can drop to as low as 5 degrees Celsius, which is much lower than its normal body temperature of around 37 degrees Celsius.

When it gets cold outside, hummingbirds have a hard time finding enough food to keep warm. So, to survive, they lower their metabolism, which means their body slows down and uses less energy.


15. Hummingbirds are able to fly up to 1,300 miles non-stop during migration.

Hummingbirds are known for their incredible flying abilities, and one of the most impressive things about them is their long-distance migration. Some species of hummingbirds will fly up to 1,300 miles non-stop during migration, which is an incredible feat for such small birds. That’s like flying from New York City to Houston, Texas without stopping!

They fly long distances during the migration season, which is when they move from one place to another to find food and warmer weather. They use the wind, the sun, and the stars to navigate their way.


16. Hummingbirds are known to live for 3 to 5 years on average.

Hummingbirds are known to have a relatively short lifespan, living for 3 to 5 years on average. However, some species of hummingbirds have been known to live longer, with some individuals living up to 10 years.

There are many factors that can affect a hummingbird’s lifespan, such as its diet, habitat, and exposure to predators or disease. Hummingbirds that live in areas with ample food sources and suitable nesting sites are more likely to survive and live longer than those that live in areas with limited food and poor nesting sites.

Despite their short lifespan, hummingbirds are able to reproduce quickly, which helps to ensure the survival of their species. Female hummingbirds typically lay 2 eggs per clutch, and they can lay multiple clutches per year. This allows them to produce many offspring in a relatively short period of time, which helps to ensure the survival of their species even if individual birds have a short lifespan.


17. Hummingbirds have a unique mating ritual where males perform aerial displays to attract females.

Hummingbirds have a unique and very special way of mating. The males perform a special dance called an aerial display, to attract females. It’s like the talent show where the boys show off their best moves to impress the girls.

During the aerial display, the males fly in a very fast and colorful way, flapping their wings very fast and making different shapes in the air. They may also make vocalizations or flash their brightly colored feathers to catch the attention of females. They also spread their tail feathers and brightly colored gorgets (throat feathers) to make themselves look even more beautiful.

The females watch this display and decide which male they like the best, based on the color, movements, and how well he can fly. This unique and spectacular mating ritual is one of the many fascinating facts about hummingbirds, it’s a true spectacle to watch these tiny birds performing such acrobatic displays.


18. Hummingbirds are unable to walk or hop.

Hummingbirds are amazing fliers, but they have a hard time walking or hopping. They have tiny feet and can’t use them to walk or hop like other birds. They use their feet only to perch and hold on to branches and flowers.

Hummingbirds are adapted to fly, they spend most of their time in the air, and they are able to hover, fly forward, backward, and even upside down. Their wings are proportionally larger than any other bird, this allows them to fly at high speeds and make very sharp turns.


19. Hummingbirds have no sense of smell but they can hear and see better than humans.

Hummingbirds have a very poor sense of smell, they are unable to detect odors, unlike other birds and animals. However, hummingbirds have a highly developed sense of hearing and vision.

Hummingbirds have a unique ability to see ultraviolet light, which helps them locate flowers. They can detect ultraviolet light that is invisible to humans, this allows them to find flowers that are hidden in the background or are not visible to the human eye.

Hummingbirds also have a highly developed sense of hearing, which is much better than humans. Their ears are located on the side of their heads, which allows them to detect a wide range of sounds, including the high-frequency vocalizations of other hummingbirds.


20. Hummingbirds use spiderwebs to build their nests.

Hummingbird Nests: What You Should Know - Birds and Blooms

Hummingbirds are small birds and need to build small and lightweight nests that can support their tiny bodies and the weight of the eggs. In order to achieve this, hummingbirds use a variety of materials to construct their nests, including moss, lichens, leaves, and fibers.

One of the most interesting materials that hummingbirds use to build their nests is a spiderweb. The spiderweb provides an excellent adhesive and helps to create a nest that is strong and flexible, yet lightweight.

Related articles:

15 Macaw Facts for Kids That You Never Knew Before

20 Alpaca Facts for Kids That Will Make You Say WOW!

13 Toucan Facts for Kids to Ignite Their Curiosity